Objective: understand how re-validation is organised on an international level and how this supports medical specialists to remain competent while also identifying individuals who are under-performing.
First study: this study describes key characteristics and effective components of ten different European recertification systems, exploring similarities and differences in terms of assessment criteria used to determine process quality.
Second study: explores physicians’ perceptions and self-reported acceptance of and commitment to re-validation across three different re-validation systems in Europe, including: Germany, which has a mandatory, credit-based system oriented to continuing professional development; Denmark, with mandatory annual dialogues and ensuing, non-compulsory activities; and the United Kingdom, which uses a mandatory, portfolio-based revalidation system.
Third study: to answer increasing calls to include patients’ voices in quality assurance, this study explores patients’ perspectives on physicians’ lifelong learning and re-validation and their role in these processes. It describes how power dynamics affect and form different patient perspectives.