COVID-19 and Rehabilitation

Author(s): Martijn Spruit, ERS Head of Allied Health Professionals Assembly (9)

Dear colleague,

This is an expert-based opinion on early and short-term rehabilitative interventions in COVID-19 survivors after the acute hospital setting. The text consists of several parts: What do we know?; What don’t we know; and a preliminary expert-based conclusion and preliminary clinical recommendations, based on current knowledge.

This is a living document and input from our peers is very welcome. Please use the ERS blog to share your experiences with us. The authors will try to provide an update of this report at least once every two weeks and more frequently if needed. Finally, this document will result in guidance for clinicians who want to provide rehabilitative interventions to COVID-19 survivors.

Please contact one of the co-chairs if you like to actively contribute to the next version(s).


Ad-hoc International Task Force Co-chairs
Martijn A. Spruit (, Anne E. Holland (, Sally J. Singh ( and Thierry Troosters (

Ad-hoc International Task Force members
Bruno Balbi, Sue Berney, Dina Brooks, Chris Burtin, Enrico Clini, Frits M.E. Franssen, Rainer Glöckl, Roger Goldstein, Alex van ‘t Hul, Daisy J.A. Janssen, Michelle Kho, Daniel Langer, Matthew Maddocks, Alda Marques, Mara Paneroni, Fabio Pitta, Carolyn Rochester, Marike van der Schaaf, Anne-Loes van der Valk, and Michele Vitacca

Covid-19 blog
General respiratory patient care
Respiratory infections