Congenital airway diseases

Congenital malformations include a variety of conditions, mostly diagnosed in prenatal age or at birth. The world health organization (WHO) estimates that every year 303,000 newborns die in the first four weeks of life worldwide due to congenital anomalies. However, the prevalence of congenital airway malformations ranges from 0.2 to 1 in 10,000 live births. These abnormalities can be life-threatening and require immediate treatment. The management of congenital tracheal malformations is complex and requires an individualized approach delivered by a multidisciplinary team with the necessary experience.